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Useful Cooking Measurement Substitutions

If This is Called ForUse This Instead
1/4 cup apple cider vinegar1/4 cup white vinegar
1 Tbsp balsamic vinegar1 Tbsp sherry or cider vinegar
1 cup beer1 cup non-alcoholic beer, beef broth, or apple cider
1/4 cup bread crumbs, dry1/4 cup finely crushed cracker crumbs or corn flakes
1 cup brown sugar, packed1 cup granulated sugar + 2 Tbsp molasses or dark corn syrup
1 cup corn syrup, light1 cup granulated sugar + 1/4 cup water
1 cup corn syrup, dark1 cup light corn syrup
or 3/4 cup light corn syrup + 1/4 cup molasses
or 1 cup maple-flavored syrup
1 Tbsp cornstarch2 Tbsp all-purpose flour
or 1 Tbsp potato or rice starch
or 1 Tbsp arrowroot
or 4 tsp. instant tapioca
1 cup cream, half and half7/8 cup whole milk + 2 Tbsp melted unsalted butter
1 cup cream, heavy2/3 cup whole milk + 1/3 cup melted unsalted butter creme fresh 1 cup sour cream
or 1 cup whipping cream + 1 Tbsp buttermilk or yogurt
or 1/2 cup whipping cream + 1/2 cup sour cream
or 1 cup mascarpone cheese
1 cup currants1 cup raisins
or 1 cup chopped dates
or 1 cup other dried fruit (cranberries, blueberries, cherries)
1 cup flour, all-purpose1 cup + 2 Tbsp cake flour
1 cup flour, cake1 cup minus 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour
1 cup flour, self rising1 cup all-purpose flour + 1 1/2 tsp. baking powder + 1/2 tsp. salt
1 clove garlic, finely chopped1/8 tsp. garlic powder
or 1/4 tsp. instant minced garlic
1 Tbsp ginger root, grated1 Tbsp candied ginger; rinsed and finely chopped
or 1 1/2 tsp. dry ground ginger + 1/2 tsp. lemon juice
1 Tbsp herbs, fresh chopped (1 Tbsp)1 tsp. of the same dry herb
1 cup honey3/4 cup dark corn syrup + 1/2 cup granulated white sugar
or 3/4 cup maple syrup + 1/2 cup granulated white sugar
or 3/4 cup light molasses + 1/2 cup granulated white sugar
or 1 1/4 cup sugar + 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar + 1/4 cup liquid called for in recipe
1 Tbsp lemon juice1 Tbsp bottled lemon juice, lime juice or white vinegar
1 tsp lemon zest1 tsp. lime or orange zest
or 1/2 tsp. lemon extract
1 Tbsp lime juice1 Tbsp lemon or orange juice
1 tsp lime zest1 tsp. lemon or orange zest
1 cup milk, nonfat1/3 cup powdered milk + 3/4 cup water
1 cup milk, whole1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
or 1 cup skim milk + 1 Tbsp melted butter
1 cup molasses1 cup honey, dark corn syrup or maple syrup
or 3/4 cup brown sugar heated to dissolve in 1/4 cup liquid
1 Tbsp mustard, yellow1 tsp. ground mustard
1 cup oil1 cup melted butter, margarine, or shortening depending on the recipe
1 cup orange juice1 cup reconstituted frozen concentrate
1 tsp orange zest1 tsp. lemon or lime zest
or 1 tsp. finely chopped candied orange peel
1 tsp poultry seasoning1/2 tsp. ground sage + 1/4 tsp. ground thyme + 1/4 tsp. ground rosemary
1 tsp pumpkin pie spice1/2 tsp. cinnamon + 1/4 tsp. ginger + 1/8 tsp. nutmeg + 1/8 tsp. cloves
1 cup shortening1 cup butter or margarine. Do not substitute oil for shortening
1 cup sour cream1 cup plain yogurt
1 cup sugar, light brown1/2 cup dark brown sugar + 1/2 cup white sugar
1 cup sugar, white1 cup firmly packed brown sugar
1 cup tomato juice1/2 cup tomato sauce + 1/2 cup water
1/2 cup tomato paste1 cup tomato sauce cooked until reduced by 1/2
2 cup tomato sauce3/4 cup tomato paste + 1 cup water
1 cup tomatoes, canned1 1/3 cup fresh cut-up tomatoes; simmered 10 minutes
1 cup treacle1 cup corn syrup (light or dark) or light molasses
1/4 cup white vinegar1/4 cup apple cider vinegar
or 1/3 cup lemon juice
1 cup wine, red1 cup non-alcoholic wine, apple cider, beef broth, tomato juice or water
1 cup wine, white1 cup non-alcoholic wine, white grape juice, apple juice, chicken broth or water
1 cup yogurt, plain1 cup sour cream, buttermilk, or creme fresh
or 1 cup heavy whipping cream + 1 Tbsp lemon juice
1 Tbsp arrowroot1 Tbsp cornstarch, potato starch, or rice starch
or 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour
1 tsp baking powder1/2 tsp. cream of tartar + 1/4 tsp. baking soda + 1/4 tsp. cornstarch
1/2 tsp baking soda2 tsp. baking powder (must replace the acidic liquid in recipe with non-acidic liquid)
1 cup butter7/8 cup vegetable oil
1 cup buttermilk1 cup plain yogurt
or 1 Tbsp white vinegar or lemon juice and enough milk to equal 1 cup; let stand for a few minutes
4 oz chocolate, unsweetened12 Tbsp cocoa powder + 4 Tbsp butter
4 oz chocolate, semi-sweet2 oz unsweetened chocolate + 4 Tbsp sugar
4 oz chocolate, sweet1/4 cup cocoa powder + 1/3 cup sugar + 3 Tbsp shortening
chocolate chipschop a bar of chocolate into small chunks
1/2 tsp cream of tartar1/2 tsp. white vinegar or lemon juice
1 cup Milk1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
or 1 cup reconstituted dry milk + 2 tsp margarine or butter
1 cup Buttermilk1 tbs vinegar + 1 cup sweet milk,
or 1/4 cup butter + 3/4 cup milk
1 1/2 tsp cornstarch1 tbs all purpose flour
1 cup Honey1 1/4c sugar + 1/4 cup water or other liquid


1 cup split peas2 1/2 cups cooked peas
1 cup lentils2 1/2 cups cooked lentils
1 cup black beans2 cups cooked beans
1 cup blackeye beans2 1/2 cups cooked beans
1 cup Great Northern beans2 1/2 cups cooked beans
1 cup kidney beans2 3/4 cups cooked beans
2 cup large lima beans2 1/2 cups cooked beans
1 cup small lima beans2 cups cooked beans
1 cup pea (or navy) beans2 1/2 cups cooked beans
1 cup pinto beans2 1/2 cups cooked beans